The paper is devoted to the assessment of the prospects of implementing clean energy sources in Russia, where the current energy policy goal is to increase the role of renewable and clean energy sources. The research is based on data from the Krasnoyarsk Region as one of the largest territories but also as a representative model of Russia. The aim of the study is to identify where and which renewable energy source (solar, wind, hydro and nuclear) has the highest potential. The novelty of our research lies in its holistic nature: authors consider both geographical and technical potential for renewable energy sources development as well as prospective demand for such resources, while previous research is mostly focused on specific aspects of renewable energy development. We also consider the level of air pollution as an important factor for the development of renewable energy sources. The results of the study show that there is a strong potential for clean energy sources in the Krasnoyarsk Region. The resulting matrix identifies the potential of energy sources across all the municipal entities and also indicates whether the source of energy is primary or supplemental and where several sources may be implemented in cooperation.
The trend on electricity grids digitalization is gradually leading to the shift of busi-ness value towards more sustainable and efficient electricity services. Sustainability and efficiency are challenged by the increasing demand for electricity which is fol-lowed by a dramatic transformation of energy systems. While smart grids seem to be crucial in this process, there is a discrepancy in understanding the costs and benefits for the multiple actors involved. In addition, there are benefits of smart grids that cannot be measured directly in terms of money, such as higher energy system reliabil-ity or commitment to carbon reduction. Despite the rise of interest to the managerial aspects of smart grids implementation and development, many aspects remain out of the scope. This paper contributes to the research of smart grids by providing a con-ceptualized business model that would allow for value co-creation, delivery and cap-ture. A Russian energy sector perspective is primarily considered throughout the pa-per and the results are supported by evidence from interviews with of industrial ex-perts
The paper aims at creation of an effective business model of global generating companies performing on Russian market and to develop a transformation plan of business for one of these companies.
Development of the russian energy sector seems to be rather promising (considering the speed and nature of the emergence of new technologies, such as digital power equipment, prognostic instruments, real-time payment techniques, etc.), however, there is no clear understanding of the potential demand level regarding specific technologies. frequently companies abandon research and development projects due to the uncertainty and risk of losing investments because of the absence of end-users. At the same time foreign suppliers of innovative solutions (including those for the energy sector) gain market power. Simultaneously, emerges the problem of strengthening competitiveness of the Russian federation regional economies in the view of tightening competition from foreign suppliers of innovative solutions including solutions for the energy sector.
This edition contains essays devoted to anniversaries, which the scientific community celebrates in 2019: 160 years - K.Ya. Zagorsky, 170 years old - S.Yu. Witte, 85 years old - E.G. Yasin.
The article is devoted to the contribution of the famous scientist of the beginning of the XX century K.Ya. Zagorsky in the development of the economy of transport and the theory of railway tariffs. The views of Zagorsky on the theory and practice of the formation of railway freight tariffs are analyzed, the role of Zagorsky in discussions on the formation of tariffs is shown, information on the tariff reform of 1922, which was developed under his leadership, is presented.
The article is dedicated to the work of S.Yu. Witte by rail. The period of his work in the joint-stock company of the South-Western Railways, his journalistic and expert activity in the railway field at this time is considered. The article provides an overview of Witte’s views on the system of railway freight tariffs formulated in his book Principles of Railway Tariffs for the Carriage of Goods (1883) and analyzed his views on the private and government railway facilities
Development of Russian electric power industry in recent years is characterized by a multitude of problems and a decrease in a number of performance indicators. It dissatisfies consumers and encourages them to implement various measures to reduce risks and costs of energy supply. This creates preconditions for the emergence of «active» consumers in the domestic electric power industry. Given this trend it would be appropriate to switch from Supply Side Management to Demand Side Management. This will require the implementation of a wide range of measures, including strategic issues of industry development, legal framework and transition to a customer-centric market model.
This article aims to identify effects of client orientation on business models of central power generation companies.
Five major Russian wholesale electricity market players were selected for the analysis conducted applying A. Osterwalder and Y. Pigneur’s ‘Business Model Canvas’. To identify the changes induced by client orientation, the progress of companies’ business models was traced over 6 years; from 2009 to 2015.
Five major trends in business model changes due to client orientation were identified:
1. Declaration of client orientation and adoption of client service standards;
2. Advent of business diversification in favor of engineering, construction, service, operation and maintenance of generating facilities;
3. Increase in vertical integration;
4. Increase in diversity of communication channels with consumers;
5. Increase in diversity of customer relationships.
The results were compared with those obtained in international studies. Conclusions about international and local character of the trends are presented.
The study contributes to knowledge of current and upcoming changes in the business of central power generation triggered by the advent of electricity prosumers. It is valuable both for management decision makers and theorists.
The paper provides the target model for innovative ecosystem of Russian power industry. The system is based upon the key attributes of the ecosystem, which were revealed within the theoretical part of the paper: limited state intervention, free interaction of the participants and the availability of proper infrastructure. At the same time the proposed target model provides a solution for the current problems of existing prototypes of ecosystem in the Russian power industry via integrating the key actors with the focus on delivering added value to the end user.
Development of distributed generation is one of the modern trends in the electric power industry worldwide. The main drivers are technology progress and energy policy (stimulating development of RES, cogeneration, “green energy”, etc.). Furthermore, consumers’ request for higher service standards is important. Liberalization of the electric power industry creates additional opportunities for the development of distributed generation. Also it is necessary to synchronize the development of the electric power industry, heat industry, and consumers’ generation.
Diversification of energy sources in the road transport sector is becoming a global trend with the emergence of economically and technologically viable alternative fuels, such as electricity, biofuels, compressed natural gas, and others. With the transport sector generating over 50% of global oil demand, this trend obviously holds great significance. The Russian Federation, while being one of the world's major oil producers as well as energy consumers, is falling behind on this trend. However, the prospects for change are quite tangible. The article presents a long term outlook for changes in the Russian road transportation sector's fuel mix. The calculations demonstrate that switching to natural gas and electricity will reduce the share of petroleum products from 95% in 2015 to 74–86% by 2040. Nevertheless, the extent of support by the Russian Government for the infrastructural development will be the key factor to determine the end result. The incentives for natural gas and electric vehicles will also play a large role. The issue of fuel mix diversification will have to be resolved against the background of a 75% increase in the sector's energy consumption, expected in the next 20 yr. Petrol will remain a key fuel for transportation but its share will decrease from 59 to 40-47%, while the share of diesel will remain at 34-39%.