The trend on electricity grids digitalization is gradually leading to the shift of busi-ness value towards more sustainable and efficient electricity services. Sustainability and efficiency are challenged by the increasing demand for electricity which is fol-lowed by a dramatic transformation of energy systems. While smart grids seem to be crucial in this process, there is a discrepancy in understanding the costs and benefits for the multiple actors involved. In addition, there are benefits of smart grids that cannot be measured directly in terms of money, such as higher energy system reliabil-ity or commitment to carbon reduction. Despite the rise of interest to the managerial aspects of smart grids implementation and development, many aspects remain out of the scope. This paper contributes to the research of smart grids by providing a con-ceptualized business model that would allow for value co-creation, delivery and cap-ture. A Russian energy sector perspective is primarily considered throughout the pa-per and the results are supported by evidence from interviews with of industrial ex-perts
The article is devoted to the contribution of the famous scientist of the beginning of the XX century K.Ya. Zagorsky in the development of the economy of transport and the theory of railway tariffs. The views of Zagorsky on the theory and practice of the formation of railway freight tariffs are analyzed, the role of Zagorsky in discussions on the formation of tariffs is shown, information on the tariff reform of 1922, which was developed under his leadership, is presented.
Development of Russian electric power industry in recent years is characterized by a multitude of problems and a decrease in a number of performance indicators. It dissatisfies consumers and encourages them to implement various measures to reduce risks and costs of energy supply. This creates preconditions for the emergence of «active» consumers in the domestic electric power industry. Given this trend it would be appropriate to switch from Supply Side Management to Demand Side Management. This will require the implementation of a wide range of measures, including strategic issues of industry development, legal framework and transition to a customer-centric market model.
This article aims to identify effects of client orientation on business models of central power generation companies.
Five major Russian wholesale electricity market players were selected for the analysis conducted applying A. Osterwalder and Y. Pigneur’s ‘Business Model Canvas’. To identify the changes induced by client orientation, the progress of companies’ business models was traced over 6 years; from 2009 to 2015.
Five major trends in business model changes due to client orientation were identified:
1. Declaration of client orientation and adoption of client service standards;
2. Advent of business diversification in favor of engineering, construction, service, operation and maintenance of generating facilities;
3. Increase in vertical integration;
4. Increase in diversity of communication channels with consumers;
5. Increase in diversity of customer relationships.
The results were compared with those obtained in international studies. Conclusions about international and local character of the trends are presented.
The study contributes to knowledge of current and upcoming changes in the business of central power generation triggered by the advent of electricity prosumers. It is valuable both for management decision makers and theorists.
The paper provides the target model for innovative ecosystem of Russian power industry. The system is based upon the key attributes of the ecosystem, which were revealed within the theoretical part of the paper: limited state intervention, free interaction of the participants and the availability of proper infrastructure. At the same time the proposed target model provides a solution for the current problems of existing prototypes of ecosystem in the Russian power industry via integrating the key actors with the focus on delivering added value to the end user.
Increasing cooperation through greater interdependency of the organizational networks structures is a topical issue for a diverse range of industries, including the energy sector However, despite the advantages of such form of activity, Russian organizations do not tend to cooperate. An extensive analysis of the techno-economic network of the Russian power sector innovation ecosystem made it possible to identify hub-organizations which could be regarded as the catalysts for partnership development. Hence, the purpose of this paper is to elaborate the mechanisms of target network creation behind hubs’ involvement in the network expansion. Thus, it could provide a solid foundation not only for an increased number of partnerships but could also serve the purpose of embedding companies in the strategic activity ultimately enabling them to achieve competitive parity with the rest of the world.
Development of distributed generation is one of the modern trends in the electric power industry worldwide. The main drivers are technology progress and energy policy (stimulating development of RES, cogeneration, “green energy”, etc.). Furthermore, consumers’ request for higher service standards is important. Liberalization of the electric power industry creates additional opportunities for the development of distributed generation. Also it is necessary to synchronize the development of the electric power industry, heat industry, and consumers’ generation.
Diversification of energy sources in the road transport sector is becoming a global trend with the emergence of economically and technologically viable alternative fuels, such as electricity, biofuels, compressed natural gas, and others. With the transport sector generating over 50% of global oil demand, this trend obviously holds great significance. The Russian Federation, while being one of the world's major oil producers as well as energy consumers, is falling behind on this trend. However, the prospects for change are quite tangible. The article presents a long term outlook for changes in the Russian road transportation sector's fuel mix. The calculations demonstrate that switching to natural gas and electricity will reduce the share of petroleum products from 95% in 2015 to 74–86% by 2040. Nevertheless, the extent of support by the Russian Government for the infrastructural development will be the key factor to determine the end result. The incentives for natural gas and electric vehicles will also play a large role. The issue of fuel mix diversification will have to be resolved against the background of a 75% increase in the sector's energy consumption, expected in the next 20 yr. Petrol will remain a key fuel for transportation but its share will decrease from 59 to 40-47%, while the share of diesel will remain at 34-39%.
The article presents a methodology for developing long-term forecasts for global gas markets using optimization modeling. This approach can be effectively used for an integrated analysis of the global gas market conjuncture, and assessment of management decisions in the gas industry in both the short and long term. It allows to develop complex scenarios, where sensitivity analysis to different local and global factors can be estimated, including changes in production costs and volumes by country and type of gas, changes of demand and demand side responses, perspectives of development of infrastructure for gas transportation and transformation of gas pricing mechanisms. The research demonstrates that production of natural gas will grow in all regions, except for Europe, and of all types of gas, including shale gas, coalbed methane, coal gasification and biogas. The competition between world gas producers will be quite tough both at developed and developing markets. Up to 2040 the volumes and routes of world gas trade will be mostly determined by Asian natural gas markets development, which are highly influenced by their future economic growth and national energy policies. The role of LNG for the global gas market will grow in the coming decades, so that pipeline gas supplies would partly function as swing supplies.
Nowadays, one of the most imminent problems facing power systems in post-industrial countries is the sustainable development of power systems under conditions of increasing power consumption irregularity due to the reduction of the industry’s share in consumers’ demand for electric power. In today’s Russia, this issue is becoming very acute due to the significant share of electric power and heat co-generation that is demonstrating low manoeuvrability and poor adaptation to operations in the daily variation of electric power demand. This paper considers the problem of improving the power system steady-state through the optimization of the production structure of thermal power plants. We propose a combinatorial algorithm that improves the planning of the structural and technological modernization of the power equipment configuration, with a glance at the forecast of the increasing irregularity of power consumption.